Gerson Digital : Poland


6.3 Mannerism – Figure Painting and Landscape

Bartholomeus Spranger
Baptism of Christ in the river Jordan, dated 1603
panel, oil paint 102 x 88 cm
on the back : B./Sprangers F. 1603
Wrocław, Muzeum Narodowe we Wroclawiu, inv./ VIII-2252

Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem
Christ with the eucharistic chalice and the cross, c. 1592
canvas, oil paint 135.5 x 106 cm
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.20 MNW

Jacob van Swanenburgh
The Sibyl showing Aeneas the Underworld / Charon's boat, c. 1600
panel, oil paint 101 x 140 cm
center right : IVS
Gdańsk, Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku, inv./ MI 445

Jan Brueghel (I) and possibly Abraham Govaerts and Sebastiaan Vrancx
Landscape with robbers sharing loot, c. 1605
panel, oil paint 41 x 65.6 cm
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.231 MNW

The Rudolfine version of Mannerism is represented by Bartholomeus Spranger’s Baptism of Christ in Wrocław [i],1 and in its northern Netherlandish form in Cornelis van Haarlem’s Christ with the Eucharistic Chalice and the Cross in Warsaw [2] as well as Jacob Isaacsz. van Swanenburg’s Sybil Showing the Underworld to Aeneas in Gdańsk [3].2

The beginnings and development of independent Flemish landscape painting are well documented in Polish collections, especially in the National Museum in Warsaw, which owns paintings attributed to Jacob Grimmer and Gillis Mostaert, Pieter and Anton Stevens as well as such high-quality pieces as Jan Brueghel’s Wood Landscape with Robbers Sharing Loot [4] and Abraham Govaerts’s Wooded Landscape with Peasants Crossing a Ford [5], a charming Park Landscape by David Vinckboons [6] and numerous Mompers [7].3

The homogenous Warsaw group of Mannerist vistas should be complemented with Joos II de Momper’s Mountain Landscape [8], the Return from the Calvary attributed to Pieter Schoubroeck in Poznań [9] and a late, fantastic Landscape with Lot and His Daughters by Marten van Valckenborch in the Catholic University in Lublin [10].4 The Valckenborch family is further represented by Lucas II van Valckenborch’s Rest during the Flight to Egypt in the Royal Castle in Warsaw [11]5 and a spirited, chiaroscuro Rape of Helena attributed to Gillis van Valckenborch in Wrocław [12].6 Teniers’ Landscape with a Camp of Gypsies from the 1640s [13]7 which is very refined in its use of colour and considered quite exceptional in the artist’s oeuvre displays already a Baroque feeling of nature.

Abraham Govaerts
Wooded landscape with peasants crossing a ford, c. 1619
panel, oil paint 36.5 x 53.2 cm
lower right : WAKR
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.817 MNW

David Vinckboons (I)
Park landscape with a company returning from the hunt, c. 1610
panel, oil paint 89 x 143 cm
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.834 (128537)

Joos de Momper (II)
Dune landscape with travellers and cattle, c. 1610-1615
panel, oil paint 53 x 83 cm
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.377 (4209)

Joos de Momper (II)
Mountainous landscape, c. 1620-1630
panel, oil paint 57 x 90 cm
Poznań, Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu, inv./ MNP Mo 823

attributed to Peter Schoubroeck
Return from Golgotha
canvas, oil paint 73.5 x 99 cm
Poznań, Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu, inv./ MNP Mo 95

Lucas van Valckenborch
Panoramic landscape with the Rest on the Flight to Egypt, 1590s
panel, oil paint 24.5 x 19.5 cm
Warsaw, Zamek Królewski w Warszawie

Marten van Valckenborch (I)
Mountain landscape with Loth and his daughters, dated 160[9?]
panel (oak), oil paint 69 x 89.4 cm
Lublin, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II (Instytut Historii Sztuki), inv./ MU KUL I-131

Gillis van Valckenborch (I)
The abduction of Helen
canvas, oil paint 72 x 92.5 cm
Wrocław, Muzeum Narodowe we Wroclawiu, inv./ 2447

David Teniers (II)
River landscape with a camp, dated 1641
canvas, oil paint 61 x 84 cm
lower center : D. Teniers. F. 1641
Warsaw, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, inv./ M.Ob.570 MNW


1 DaCosta Kaufmann 1988, no. 20.76; Benesz 2005A; Steinborn 2006, cat. no.58.

2 Folga-Januszewska/Ziemba 2004, cat. no. 58 and cat. no. 59.

3 Benesz 2004A.

4 Przylicki 2013, p. 22; Przylicki 2013A(in print).

5 Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, cat. no. 314.

6 Steinborn 2006, cat. no.62.

7 Klessmann 1988, cat. no. 59.

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